各國立法與實踐

A. Special, Specific Laws and Legislative Measures

·         祕魯:集體知識保護法(Law introducing a Protection Regime for the Collective Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples Derived from Biological Resources, N° 27811)

·         菲律賓:原住民權利法(Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997)

·         葡萄牙:第118號法(Decree Law No. 118/2002-Establishing a Legal Regime for the Registration, Conservation, Legal Safeguarding and Transfer of Autochthonous Plant Material as well as Associated Knowledge)

·         吉爾吉斯:傳統知識保護法(Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on the Protection of Traditional Knowledge)

·         泰國:傳統醫藥知識保護及推廣法(Act on Protection and Promotion of Traditional Thai Medicinal Intelligence, B.E 2542)

·         非洲統一組織:保護當地社群、農民及育種家與取用生物資源之模範立法(African Model Legislation for the Protection of the Rights of Local Communities, Farmers and Breeders, and for the Regulation of Access to Biological Resources of 2000)

 

B. Patent Law

·      安地斯組織:486號決議(Decision 486 of 2000- Common Intellectual Property Regime)

·      中國:專利法(Law of the People’s Republic of China)

·      印度:專利法(The Patents Act)

 

C. Regulatory Frameworks for TK

·      歐盟:2004/24指令(Directive 2004/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council)

·      歐盟:509/2006規則(Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006)

·      印度:藥品及化妝品法及規則(The Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Rules, 1940)

·      義大利:藥品法(原文) (Attuazione della direttiva 92/73/CEE in materia di medicinali omeopatici)

·      菲律賓:傳統及替換藥品法(Traditional and Alternative Medicine Act of 1997)

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